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Mental Health Disparities by Race

Every year, approximately 42.5 million American adults suffer from some form of mental illness. There are many types of mental illnesses that a person may suffer from such as depression, schizophrenia or anxiety. Even though mental illness affects all ages and races, certain racial groups may be disproportionately affected.

Understanding Mental Health

While there isn’t a universally accepted definition for the term mental health, a general definition refers to mental health as a condition that relates to a person’s psychological and emotional well-being. Certain social determinants of health can play a big role in mental health disparities, as outlined here:

  • African-Americans: African Americans frequently receive poorer quality of care and lack access to culturally competent care. According to the American Psychiatric Association, only one in three African Americans who need mental health care receive it. In comparison to the Caucasian population African Americans are less likely to receive evidence-based care and are more likely to visit emergency rooms or primary care doctors instead of receiving help from mental health specialists.
  • American Indian/Alaska Natives: American Indians and Alaskan Natives experience rates of serious psychological distress 1.5 times greater than the general population. Native Americans also consume and abuse drugs and alcohol at younger ages than all other groups.
  • Asian American/Pacific Islanders: Unfortunately, mental health problems in the Asian American/Pacific Islander community are disturbingly high. Asian American women age 65 or older have the highest suicide rate in the country compared to other women of different ethnicities. Along with a high suicide rate, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders have the lowest rates of mental health services among U.S populations.
  • Hispanic and Latino Americans: The most common theme within each race is the lack of mental health service availability. Approximately 1 in 10 Hispanic Americans with a mental health disorder use mental health services from a general health care provider, while only 1 in 20 receive these services from a mental health specialist. Another barrier Hispanic/Latino Americans face is a language barrier. Several studies have found that bilingual patients are evaluated differently when interviewed in English opposed to Spanish. 

Mental health is important regardless of race, and there are so many ways to receive help. If you or someone you know is suffering from mental health issues, help is available.

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